This time, the least number of parties in the parliament, none of the 23 parties won

13 parties were represented in the Fifth National Assembly formed in 1991 after the return from autocracy to democracy. After that, six to nine parties were represented in all parliaments except the sixth parliament. This time, out of 28 parties participating in the 12th parliamentary elections, no candidate of 23 parties could win the vote. As a result, only five parties will have representation in the twelfth parliament.

According to Election Commission data, 28 out of 44 registered political parties participated in the 12th parliamentary elections. Various parties including BNP and parties in the joint movement, Communist Party of Bangladesh (CPB), Islami Andolan Bangladesh boycotted the election.

According to the unofficial results of the 12th parliamentary elections, Awami League won 223 out of 299 seats. Independent candidates won the most after the incumbents—62 seats. The main opposition party in the current parliament, Jatiya Party won 11 seats.

Bangladesh Workers Party, Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (Jasad) and Bangladesh Kalyan Party won one seat each.

Awami League is going to form the government for the fourth consecutive time with an absolute majority in the 12th National Assembly elections.

According to analysts, the government was trying to increase the number of parties in the polls to make the elections appear more participatory. But most of these parties have no public support. According to the results of past elections, most of the parties participating this time have never been represented in Parliament.

According to the unofficial results, out of the 28 parties that participated in the elections, only 23 candidates could not win any seats. Except for one or two candidates of these parties, there is a danger of confiscation of security.

In the last three parliamentary elections, the main opposition party in the parliament, the Jatiya Party, got between 5 and 7 percent of the votes. In these three elections, in the constituencies where the Jatiya Party contested without an agreement with the Awami League, about 86 percent of their candidates lost their security. Apart from this, all the other parties participating in the polls got a negligible percentage of votes.

There are many candidates, but the votes are overwhelming
Awami League and Jatiya Party had the most candidates in this election. Then the third highest 135 candidates were newly registered party Trinamool BNP (Golden scale symbol). The fourth highest number of 122 candidates was from the National People’s Party (Mango symbol).
Among the other parties, there were 96 candidates of Bangladesh Congress, 79 of Bangladesh Supreme Party, 66 of Jasdar, 63 of Bangladesh Cultural Liberation Movement and 56 of Bangladesh Nationalist Movement (BNM).

None of the candidates of these parties could win the election. The privately declared results show that the candidates of these parties could not even create a minimum competition; Rather, some of the leaders in the discussion have also been caught by a large margin. Almost all candidates of parties that do not win any seats may forfeit their securities. Many candidates of these parties got less than 100 votes.

Party representation has declined
After the mass coup of the 1990s, the fifth national parliament election was held on February 27, 1991. 75 parties participated in the election. There were 2 thousand 787 candidates. 13 parties were represented in Parliament.

BNP won 140 seats in the fifth parliamentary elections. Awami League 88, Jatiya Party (Japa) 35, Jamaat-e-Islami 18, CPB 5, Bakshal 5, Jasad (Siraj) 1, Islami Oikyajot 1, Workers Party 1, NDP 1, Demokratari Party 1, NAP (Mozaffar) 1 and other parties Gets three seats. The voter turnout was 55.45 percent. After the election, BNP formed the government with the support of Jamaat-e-Islami.

Sixth parliamentary elections were held on February 15, 1996 to protect the ‘constitutional obligation’ under the BNP government. Almost all political parties boycotted the elections. The term of this parliament was only 11 days.

Then, in the face of the demands of the opposition parties, the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution was brought by adding the issue of caretaker government. On 12 June 1996, the seventh national parliament election was held. 81 political parties participated in the elections. There were 2 thousand 574 candidates.

Awami League got 146 seats in that election. Six parties were represented in Parliament. BNP got 116 seats, Japa 32, Jamaat-e-Islami 3, Islami Oikyajot 1 and Jasad (Rob) 1 seat. Through this election Awami League formed the government again after 21 years.

54 parties participated in the 8th National Parliament election held in 2001. There were 1 thousand 939 candidates.

BNP won 193 seats in the polls. Awami League 62, Jamaat-e-Islami 14, JPA 14, BJP 4, JP (Manju) 1, Islami Oikyajot 2, Krishak Sramik Janata League 1 and independent candidates got 6 seats. A four-party coalition led by BNP formed the government.

38 parties participated in the 8th National Parliament election held in 2008. There were 1 thousand 567 candidates. Awami League got absolute majority by getting 230 seats. BNP won 30, JPA 27, Jasad 3, Workers Party 2, Jamaat-e-Islami 2, Liberal Democratic Party 1, BJP 1 and independent candidate won 1 seat.

Tenth parliamentary elections were held in 2014 under the party government. 28 registered parties including BNP boycotted this election. Only 12 parties participated in the elections.

Awami League got absolute majority by getting 234 seats. JPA got 34, Workers Party 6, Jasad 5, Bangladesh Tariqat Federation 2, JP 2 and Bangladesh Nationalist Front (BNF) 1 seat. Voter turnout was 40.04 percent.

The 11th parliamentary election was held in 2018. There were widespread questions about the election.

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